PIMS Resource Center
Report Interpretation

 
PIMS43: Life Course Outcomes

All life course outcomes are tracked via changes in the Baseline/Follow-Up form.  If a followup form is not recorded for a given time period, the participant will be coded as “unknown.”

Note that Healthy Families followups are scheduled at fixed time intervals from enrollment- 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, 4 years, 5 years, and termination.  Baseline measurements can take place at any stage leading up to enrollment (e.g. at screen, assessment, or intake).





Parameters

The following parameters must be specified in this report:

  • Follow-Up Period
    This is the time point which you wish to compare with baseline.  For example, if you select a follow-up period of 6 months, this report will summarize life course changes between baseline and 6 months.
  • Follow-Up Window
    This is the grace period allowed for which a participant can complete their Follow-Up.  For example, if you select a follow-up period of 6 months and a follow-up window of 1 month, this report will only include participants who were enrolled in the program at least 7 months.  Any participant who was enrolled at least 7 months but has not completed a follow-up form will be coded as “unknown.”  If a participant has completed their follow-up form but has not been enrolled at least 7 months, they will not be included.

To display data for all participants (i.e., both pre- and post-natal enrollments), specify:

  • Data range
  • Follow-up period
  • Prenatal enrollment = blank
  • Follow-up window = 0 or 1 month (1 month is recommended, as most sites will want to allow a window for data entry)

To display data for prenatal enrollments only, specify:

  • Data range
  • Follow-up period
  • Prenatal enrollment = 0
  • Follow-up window = 0 or 1 month (1 month recommended)

Setting the Date Range and Cutoff
Setting the dates for this report is similar to what is done for retention rates. The cut-off date in Core Calculations needs to be beyond the date range end by at least the same number of months as specified by the follow-up period.  For example, if you are looking at a 6-month follow-up period, the cut-off date needs to be at least six months later than the end of the date range.





Interpreting the Report

Available data
This is the % of data that is available for each indicator. For data to be considered available, the baseline AND the followup form must be completed for a given participant. If the valid data rate is less than 90%, then the outcome indicator will be highlighted in orange and should be considered with caution.  If the valid data rate is less than 80%, then the outcome indicator will be highlighted in red and should probably not be used in an evaluation.  When you first run this report, your missing data rate may be very high.  However, this should inspire more diligent completion of all fields in all follow-up forms.

Overall N is the number of participants that fit the report criteria.  In this case, there were 131 participants who had been enrolled at least seven months (six months plus a one-month window to allow for entering follow-up data).

Follow-ups Completed is the number of participants that have a follow-up form completed in PIMS for the specified follow-up period.

Max Available Data is the percentage of participants who have a follow-up form completed (Follow-ups Completed divided by Overall N).  

Outcome Indicator Description

Using Birth Control

“Other” is counted as Yes.

Married

“Married, First Time” and “Remarried” are counted as Yes.

Married or Cohabitating

Same as Married, except that “Living together, not married” is also counted as Yes.

Improving Education Level

Counted as Yes if educational level increases between baseline and follow-up, regardless of current school attendance.

Completing High School

“High School Diploma,” “GED,” or higher education are counted as Yes.

No Current Legal Issues (4 fields)

 

Has Insurance

Only Medicaid and Private Carrier are counted as yes.  Custom lookups and “Other” will be counted as Unknown. 

Has No New Pregnancies

This looks only at # of Pregnancies since last follow-up in the Follow-Up form.  If this field is left blank, it will be assumed that the # of pregnancies is unknown.

Father Involved Emotionally

“Emotionally and financially involved” and “Emotionally involved” are counted as Yes.

Father Involved Financially

“Emotionally and financially involved” and “Paying child support only” are counted as Yes.

Mother/Father Employed Full Time

Only “Full-time employed” is counted as Yes.

Mother/Father Employed Part Time

“Full-time employed” and “part-time employed” are counted as Yes.  “Odd Jobs/Irregular part time” is counted as No.

Receiving Public Aid

Counted as Yes if any of the checkboxes under Public Aid (except “unknown”) are checked.  This calculation is assumed to be valid provided a followup form is entered and “unknown” is not selected.

Income Level Change

Since income is coded in categories, this does not account for inflation.





Example

Consider the following report criteria:

report menu life course

The report appears as follows:

life course report

In the example above, note that, although 98% of participants have a follow-up form completed, not all individual data items have that amount of data available.  Thus, while 98% is the upper limit for data availability, individual data items will have this rate or less. Data can only be counted if it exists in both the baseline (assessment or intake) and the follow-up forms.  If a data field is either blank or specifies “unknown”, then the data will be counted as “not available”.  Also, if a follow-up form does not exist for a participant (but should), that data will be counted as “not available”.





Addressing Data Quality

Increasing Available Data
To maximize the available data, sites will want to do data cleaning on a regular basis.  There are several tools to help in this:

Missing Follow-up Forms
Sites will want to identify participants who fall within the follow-up period, but who do not have a follow-up record entered in PIMS.  Construct a custom report as shown below.  You may also wish to enter a date range as one of the criteria.

custom_reports1

You can also construct a custom report similar to the one below to find participants who are missing father involvement and father employment data.

custom_reports2


 
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